Oxford Vaccine Group, Department of Paediatrics, University of Oxford receives £7.8 million in research funding to fight pandemic and epidemic threats
Tuesday 12th Dec 2023, 12.49pm
The Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC), as part of UK Vaccine Network (UKVN), has made these financial awards to a UK Aid programme, to develop vaccines for diseases with epidemic potential in low and middle-income countries (LMICs).
The development of safe and efficacious vaccination against diseases that cause substantial morbidity and mortality has been one of the foremost scientific advances of the 21st century and OVG, is one of the world’s leading academic vaccine research teams. Its current research includes the study of vaccines for outbreak pathogens and pandemics and, in collaboration with Oxford’s Pandemic Sciences Institute, it draws upon experience and lessons learnt from COVID-19 pandemic to identify and prepare for future pandemic threats.
Professor Sir Andrew Pollard, Director of OVG and the Ashall Professor of Infection and Immunity at the Pandemic Sciences Institute, said: “The recent pandemic has highlighted the importance of making vaccines against potential threats to humanity and it is in that context that we are delighted to receive this new funding to drive our vital research into vaccines to protect communities against Marburg virus, Sudan Ebolavirus, plague, Q Fever and chikungunya and mayaro virus. This critical work will help prevent future outbreaks in low- and middle-income countries and offer protection against future pandemics, as previously realised with the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine for COVID-19.”
Professor Teresa Lambe, Calleva Head of Vaccine Immunology at the Department of Paediatrics, and a Professor of Vaccinology and Immunology at OVG and the Pandemic Sciences Institute, said: “These awards are another important milestone in pandemic prevention. This funding will not only support our efforts to develop life-saving protection for people in low and middle-income countries, but will ensure the UK can respond quickly to potential future pandemic threats.”
Dr Young Chan Kim, a Sir Henry Wellcome Fellow and Principal Investigator at OVG who will be leading the Plague, Q-fever, and Alphaviruses programmes under the direction of Professor Pollard said: “We are thrilled to receive these awards to develop new vaccines against these pathogens. This funding will allow us to accelerate our efforts in developing affordable and accessible vaccines that are well-suited for outbreak prevention and general immunisation in low-and-middle-income countries.”
The UKVN programme is funded through UK Official Development Assistance (ODA) via the DHSC. Awards under this programme have been made through competitions run in partnership with BBSRC, EPSRC, Innovate UK and NIHR.
Marburg virus disease (MVD) is considered one of the deadliest infectious diseases causing viral haemorrhagic fever (VHF) in humans. Currently, there are no vaccines or specific treatments for MVD. Between 1967 and 2021 there have been fourteen recorded outbreaks, primarily occurring in Uganda.
Ebola viruses also cause viral haemorrhagic fever (VHF) in humans with devastating impact on populations and high fatality rates. In September 2022, there was an outbreak of Sudan Ebolavirus (SUDV) in Uganda with 164 cases and 77 deaths. The disease was controlled through case quarantining and contact tracing however, this approach is not always immediately effective as evidenced by the 2013-2016 ebolavirus (Zaire ebolavirus /EBOV) outbreak, which claimed in excess of 11,000 lives.
Plague caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, is a deadly disease with sporadic cases worldwide and recent outbreaks reported in Africa, China, Russia, and the US, and especially in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Madagascar. The largest known plague pandemic occurred in the 14th Century and was known as the Great Pestilence (later called the Black Death). It killed half the population of Europe. Antibiotic resistant strains of plague have been described and add to the difficulties in managing outbreaks in resource-limited settings. OVG’s previous work on plague has provided very promising data that will be used to accelerate progress in this programme to provide a new vaccine against this ancient threat.
Q fever is caused by the bacterium Coxiella burnetii. It is highly contagious and currently classified as a potential outbreak pathogen/bioterrorism agent. Q fever cases were extensively reported in LMICs, and the global distribution of Q fever and its burden on regional health security requires safe, efficacious, and affordable vaccines to address. In this programme a new Q fever vaccine candidate will be developed and preparations undertaking for high quality manufacturing and clinical trials.
Chikungunya (CHIKV) and mayaro virus (MAYV): the aim of this project is to develop a bivalent vaccine against two major arthritogenic mosquito-borne viruses. CHIKV and MAYV have spread through Latin America putting the population of over 650 million people at risk of contracting them. The work under this award will aim to develop a bivalent Chikungunya-Mayaro (Chik-May) vaccine using viral-vector and mRNA technologies and to identify the optimal vaccine candidates for a clinical trial.